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ICS publishes a quarterly online journal, En Christo: A Journal for a New Christianity, that includes book reviews and commentary relevant to a re-visioning of what it means to be Christian.

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Institute for Spiritual Direction

Spiritual direction is the ancient practice of spiritual friendship and mentoring in which one spiritual seeker joins another on his or her spiritual journey, giving counsel and encouragement along the way. It is a discipline practiced in many religions and cultural traditions including shamanism, Christian mysticism, Islamic Sufi practice, and Hindu Gurus. All are considered to be valid attempts to follow a path which leads to a deep experience of God’s transcendent presence.

The Institute for Spiritual Direction (ISD) provides occasional workshops, seminars and published materials to encourage the practice of spiritual direction on an interfaith basis. It also provides personal spiritual direction to a limited number of individuals.


Compiled by James L. Foster

The following lists of books have been culled from the compiler's reading over a number of years plus the recommendations of reviewers in En Christo: A Journal for a New Christianity.  The process is an ongoing one as many new and significant books in the area of Christian spirituality are being published annually.  Will we ever exhaust the subject?  I think not.  For all that has been written, the vastness of "inner space" is still largely unexplored territory.  I suspect this list will have to be updated many times in the years to come. 

Books specifically on spiritual directors and spiritual direction 

Barry, William A. and William J. Connelly.  The Practice of Spiritual Direction. Seabury Press,   1984.
Bohler, Carolyn Stahl.
Opening to God: Guided Imagery Meditation on Scripture.  Upper Room     Books, 1996.
Bumpus, Mary Rose, and Rebecca Bradburn Langer.
Supervision of Spiritual Directors: Engaging in Holy
Morehouse, 2005.

Carroll, L. Patrick and Katherine Marie DyckmanInviting the Mystic, Supporting the Prophet.  Paulist Press,

Cornett, Carlton.
The Soul of Psychotherapy: Recapturing the Spiritual Dimension in the Therapeutic Encounter.
          Free Press, 1998.

Culligan, Kevin G.,
ed. Spiritual Direction: Contemporary Readings.  Living Flame Press, 1983.
Devers, Dorothy
Faithful Friendship.  Washington, D.C.: Church of the Savior, no date.
Donovan, Peter
Interpreting Religious Experience.  Crossroad Publishing Co., 1979.
Dubay, Thomas.
  Seeking Spiritual Direction: How to Grow the Divine Life Within.  Servant Publications, 1994.
Edwards, Tilden
Spiritual Friend: Reclaiming the Gift of Spiritual Direction.  Paulist Press, 1980.
Evoy, John J.
  Psychological Handbook for Spiritual Directors. Sheed & Ward, 1988.
Fischer, Kathleen
Women at the Well: Feminist Perspectives on Spiritual Direction.  Paulist Press, 1988.
Ginn, Roman
Adventure in Spiritual Direction: A Prophetic Pattern.  Living Flame Press, 1979.
Gratton, Carolyn
Guidelines for Spiritual Direction.  Dimension Books, 1980.
Isabell, Damien
The Spiritual Director: A Practical Guide. Franciscan Herald Press, 1976.
Jones, Alan
Exploring Spiritual Direction: An Essay on Christian Friendship. Seabury Press,  1982.
Kelsey, Morton T
Companions on the Inner Way: The Art of Spiritual Guidance. Crossroad Publishing Co., 1984.
LaPlace, Jean
Preparing for Spiritual Direction.  Franciscan Herald Press, 1975.
Lebacqz, Karen, and Joseph D. Driskill.
Ethics and Spiritual Care: A Guide for Pastors, Chaplains, and  
          Spiritual Directors.
Abingdon Press, 2000.

Leech, Kenneth
Soul Friend: The Practice of Christian Spirituality.  Harper & Row, 1977.
Liebert, Elizabeth.
Changing Life Patterns: Adult Development in Spiritual Direction.  Chalice Press, 2000.
May, Gerald
Care of Mind, Care of Spirit: Psychiatric Dimensions of Spiritual      Direction. Harper & Row, 1982.
Merton, Thomas
Spiritual Direction and Meditation. The Liturgical Press, 1986.
Nemeck, Francis Kelly
and Marie Theresa CoombsThe Way of Spiritual Direction.  Michael Glazier, 1985.
Neufelder, Jerome M.
and Mary C. Coelho, eds.  Writings on Spiritual Direction.  Seabury Press, 1982.
Nouwen, Henri J. M.
  The Wounded Healer: Ministry in Contemporary Society. Doubleday, 1972.
Nouwen, Henri.
  Spiritual Direction: Wisdom for the Long Walk of Faith.  HarperOne, 2006.
Peterson, Eugene H. 
The Contemplative Pastor: Returning to the Art of Spiritual Direction. William B. Eerdmans
          Publishing, 1993.

Ruffing, Janet
Uncovering Stories of Faith: Spiritual Direction and Narratives.  Paulist Press, 1989.
Sudbrack, Josef
Spiritual Guidance.  Paulist Press, 1983.
Sullivan, John
, ed.  Carmelite Studies: Spiritual Direction.  ICS Publications, 1980.
Thornton, Martin
Spiritual Direction.  Cowley Publications, 1984.
Trotter, Jesse M.
  Christian Wholeness: Spiritual Direction for Today.  Morehouse-Barlow, 1981.
Tyrrell, Bernard J.
  Christotherapy II: A New Horizon for Counselors, Spiritual Directors and Seekers of Healing
          and Growth in Christ. 
Paulist Press, 1982.

Vanderwall, Francis W.
  Spiritual Direction: An Invitation to Abundant Life. Paulist Press, 1981.
van Kaam, Adrian
The Dynamics of Spiritual Self-Direction. Dimension Books, 1976.
Woodbridge, Barry A
A Guidebook for Spiritual Friends.  The Upper Room, 1985.

Other relevant books for spiritual directors

Barry, William AGod and You: Prayer as a Personal Relationship. Paulist Press, 1987.
Bondi, Roberta C.
To Love as God Loves: Conversations with the Early Church.  Fortress Press, 1987.
Bidwell, Duane R
. Short-Term Spiritual Guidance.  Fortress Press, 2004.
Boisen, Anton.
Out of the Depths.  Harper, 1960.
Bonhoeffer, Dietrich
Spiritual Care, trans. by Jay C. Rochelle.  Fortress Press, 1987.
Brennan, Patrick J.
  Spirituality for an Anxious Age: "Into Your Hands...". The Thomas More Press, 1985.
Brewi, Janice
and Anne BrennanCelebrate Mid-Life: Jungian Archetypes and Mid-Life Spirituality. Crossroad
          Publishing Co., 1988.

Burrows, Ruth.
  Fire on the Earth: Interior Castle Explored. Dimension Books, 1976.
Burrows, Ruth.
  Guidelines for Mystical Prayer.  Dimension Books, 1976.
Christensen, Bernhard.
  The Inward Pilgrimage: Spiritual Classics from Augustine to Bonhoeffer. Augsburg,

Clemmons, William P.
  Discovering the Depths.  Broadman Press, 1976; rev. 1987.
Cole, Robert.
The Spiritual Life of Children.  Houghton Mifflin Company, 1990.
Dalrymple, John
Letting Go in Love: Reflections on Spiritual Formation. Michael Glazier, 1988.
Dell, Mary Lynn and Allan M. Josephson.
  Religion and Spirituality. W. B. Saunders, 2004.
Dent, Barbara.
  My Only Friend Is Darkness: Living the Night of Faith.  Ave Maria Press, 1988.
Dubay, Thomas.
  Prayer Primer.  Charis Books, 2002.
Ellor, James W., Susan H. McFadden and Steven Sapp.
Aging and Spirituality: The First Decade. American
          Society on Aging, 1999.

Faucett, Robert
and Carol AnnPersonality and Spiritual Freedom.   Doubleday Image, 1987
Fitchett, George.
Spiritual Assessment in Pastoral Care: A Guide to Selected Resources.  Journal of Pastoral
          Care Publications, 1993.

Foster, Richard, Richard J
Celebration of Discipline: The Path to Spiritual Growth.  Harper & Row,  rev, 1988
Garrigou-Lagrange, Reginald.
The Three Ages of the Interior Life.  Tan Books and Publishers, 1999. 
Grant, W. Harold
From Image to Likeness: A Jungian Path in the Gospel Journey.  Paulist Press, 1983.
Greeley, Andrew M
Ecstasy: A Way of Knowing.  Prentice-Hall, 1974.
Green, Thomas H.
  When the Well Runs Dry: Prayer Beyond the Beginnings.  Ave Maria Press, 1979.
Groeschel, Benedict J
Spiritual Passages: The Psychology of Spiritual Development.  Crossroad Publishing
          Co., 1983.

Groeschel, Benedict J
Stumbling Blocks or Stepping Stones: Spiritual Answers to Psychological Questions. 
          Paulist Press, 1987.

Hardy, Alister
.  The Spiritual Nature of Man: A Study of Contemporary Religious Experience.  Clarendon, 1979.
, Georgia
The Dark Night of the Soul.  Abingdon Press, 1945.
Hart, Thomas.
Hidden Spring: The Spiritual Dimension of Therapy . Augsburg/Fortress, 2002.
Holmes, Urban T
Spirituality for Ministry.  Harper & Row, 1982.
Johnson, Ben Campbell
To Pray God's Will: Continuing the Journey. The Westminster Press, 1987.
Johnson, Ben Campbell
To Will God's Will: Beginning the Journey. The Westminster Press, 1987.
Johnston, William
Being in Love: The Practice of Christian Prayer. Harper & Row, 1989.
Jones, Alan
Soul Making: The Desert Way of Spirituality.  Harper & Row, 1985.
Jones, Alan
Passion for Pilgrimage: Notes for the Journey Home.  Harper & Row, 1989.
Jones, Cheslyn, Geoffrey Wainwright
, and Edward Yarnold, eds.  The Study of Spirituality.  Oxford, 1986.
Keating, Charles J
.  Who We Are Is How We Pray: Matching Personality and Spirituality. Twenty-Third
          Publications, 1987.

Kelcourse, Felicity Brock, ed.
Human Development and Faith: Life-Cycle Stages of Body, Mind, and Soul.
         Chalice Press, 2004

Kelsey, Morton T.
  Christo-Psychology.  Crossroad Publishing Co., 1982.
Kelsey, Morton T
The Other Side of Silence. Paulist Press, 1976.
Kelsey, Morton T
Transcend: A Guide to the Spiritual Quest. Crossroad Publishing Co., 1981.
, Leon
and Gabe HuckSpirituality and Prayer: Jewish and Christian Understandings.  Paulist Press,

Kraft, Charles H.
and David M. DeBord. The Rules of Engagement: Understanding the Principles that Govern the
          Spiritual Battles in Our Lives.
Wagner Publications, 2000.

Larranaga, Ignacio
Sensing Your Hidden Presence: Toward Intimacy with God, trans. by John W. Diersksmeier
          and Rigoberto Coloca-Rivas.  Doubleday Image, 1987.

Leech, Kenneth
True Prayer: An Invitation to Christian Spirituality.  Harper & Row, 1980.
Lyall, David.
Counseling in the Pastoral and Spiritual Context.  Open University Press, 1995.
Maloney, George A
Alone with the Alone.  Ave Maria Press, 1982
Maloney, George A.,
ed.  Pilgrimage of the Heart: A Treasury of Eastern Spirituality.  Harper & Row, 1983.
Martin, Ralph.
  The Fulfillment of All Desire. Emmaus Road Publishing, 2006.
Maslow, Abraham H
Religions, Values, and Peak Experiences. Viking, 1964.
May, Gerald G
Addiction and Grace.  Harper & Row, 1988.
Moore, Sebastian
Let This Mind Be in You: The Quest for Identity through Oedipus to Christ. Winston Press,

Muto, Susan
.  A Practical Guide to Spiritual Reading. Dimension Books, 1976.
Nelson, James B
The Intimate Connection: Male Sexuality, Masculine Spirituality.  The Westminster Press,

Nemeck, Francis Kelly
and Marie Theresa Coombs.  The Spiritual Journey: Critical Thresholds and Stages of
          Adult Spiritual Genesis
.  Michael Glazier, 1987.

Nouwen, Henri J. M
The Way of the Heart: Desert Spirituality and Contemporary Ministry.  Seabury Press, 1981.
Nouwen, Henri J. M
With Open Hands.  Ave Maria Press, 1972.
O'Connor, Peter
Dreams and the Search for Meaning.  Paulist Press, 1986.
Pable, Martin W
A Man and His God: Contemporary Male Spirituality.  Ave Maria Press, 1988.
Pennington, M. Basil
Centered Living: The Way of Centering Prayer.  Doubleday & Co., 1986.
Peterson, Eugene H.
  Eat This Book: A Conversation of the Art of Spiritual Reading.  Wm. B. Eerdmans Publ.
          Co., 2006.

Ratcliff, Donald and Marcia McQuitty, eds.
Children's Spirituality: Christian Perspectives, Research, and
Cascade Books, 2004.

Reinhold, H. A.,
ed.  The Soul Afire: Revelations of the Mystics. Doubleday Image, 1973.
Robinson, Edward
The Original Vision: A Study of the Religious Experience of Childhood.  Seabury Press,

Ross, Maggie
The Fire of Your Life: A Solitude Shared.  Paulist Press, 1983.
Ross, Maggie
Pillars of Flame: Power, Priesthood, and Spiritual Maturity. Harper & Row, 1988.
Sanford, John A
Ministry Burnout. Paulist Press, 1982.
Savary, Louis M
. and Patricia H. BerneKything: The Art of Spiritual Presence.  Paulist Press, 1988.
Senn, Frank
, ed.  Protestant Spiritual Traditions.  Paulist Press, 1986.
Shannon, William H
Seeking the Face of God.  Crossroad Publishing Co., 1988.
Shuman, Joel James and Keith Meador.
Heal Thyself: Spirituality, Medicine, and the Distortion of Christianity.
          Oxford University Press, 2003.

Sontag, Frederick
. Love Beyond Pain: Mysticism within Christianity. Paulist Press, 1977.
Steere, Douglas
Together in Solitude.  Crossroad Publishing Co., 1982.
Stoter, David J.
Spiritual Aspects of Health Care. Mosby, 1995.
Tanquerey, Adolphe. 
The Spiritual Life: A Treatise on Ascetical and Mystical Theology. Tan Books and
          Publishers, 2001.

Thompson, Helen
. Journey Toward Wholeness: A Jungian Model of Adult Spiritual Growth. Paulist Press, 1982.
Tolle, Eckhart.
The Power of Now: A Guide to Spiritual Enlightenment. New World Library, 1999.
Ulanov, Ann and Barry
Primary Speech: A Psychology of Prayer. John Knox Press, 1982.
VandeCreek, Larry.
Spiritual Needs and Pastoral Services: Readings in Research. Journal of Pastoral Care
          Publications, 1995.

, Gordon S
., ed.  The Westminster Dictionary of Christian Spirituality.  The Westminster Press, 1983
Welch, John
Spiritual Pilgrims: Carl Jung and Teresa of Avila. Paulist Press, 1982.
Wendland, Barbara and Larry W. Easterling.
Spiritual Family Trees: Finding Your Faith Community's Roots.
          Alban Institute, 2001.

Westerhoff, John H.
  Building God's People in a Materialistic Society.  Seabury Press, 1983.
Wiederkehr, Macrina
A Tree Full of Angels: Seeing the Holy in the Ordinary. Harper & Row, 1988.
Williams, H. A.
  The True Wilderness.  Crossroad Publishing Co., 1982

Journal articles relevant to spiritual direction

Some of the following articles were written with pastoral counseling in mind rather than spiritual direction.  In each instance, however, the material is just as relevant for spiritual direction as for counseling and therefore warranted inclusion.

Carlmelite Digest
Kozlowski, Joseph
.  "A Spiritual Director for All Time for All."  Autumn 1989.

Contemplative Review
Corrigan, Winifred
.  "Initial Metanoia in Spiritual Direction." Summer 1979.
Frison, Basil
.  "Spiritual Direction as an Opening to the Experience of God."  Summer 1980.
Giallanza, Joel
.  "Integration in Spiritual Direction."  Winter 1980.
Giallanza, Joel
.  "Spiritual Direction According to St. John of the Cross." Fall 1978.
Giallanza, Joel
.  "Spiritual Direction According to St. Teresa of Avila."  Summer 1979.
Page, Rose
.  "Direction in the Various Stages of Spiritual Development."  Fall 1979.
Seelaus, Vilma
.  "The Spirituality of the Novice Director as Minister of Formation."  Fall 1978.

Human Development (journal)
Barry, William A.
  "Breaking the Cycle of Evil."  Vol. 10, # 3 (Fall 1989)
Barry, William A
.  "Interpretation of Experiences Reveals Beliefs." Vol. 9, #2 (Summer 1988)
Barry, William A
.  "Missing the Meaning of Religious Experience: Hermeneutic of Experience Is an Enticing
          Trap."  Vol. 8, #1 (Spring 1987).

Barry, William A
.  "The Religious Dimension of Experience." Vol.7, #2 (Summer 1986).
Barry, William A
.  "Supervision Improves Ministry."  Vol. 9, #1 (Spring 1988).
, Madeline
and William J. Connolly.  "The Art of Spiritual Direction."  Vol. 8, #1 (Spring 1987).
, Madeline
and William J. Connolly.  "Praying for God's Sake." Vol. 9, #1 (Spring 1988).
, Madeline
and William J. Connolly.  "Talking to God." Vol. 10, #3 (Fall 1989).
De Blassie, Richard R.
  "Intimacy in Pastoral Care."  Vol. 7, #2(Summer 1986).
Juliano, Carroll
and Loughlan Sofield.  "Ministry Demands Intimacy."  Vol. 9, #1 (Spring 1988).
Kenel, Mary Elizabeth.
  "Women Religious as Mentors."  Vol. 10, #2 (Spring 1989).
Nicolosi, Joseph
and Jo Rotunno.  "The Desert Experience: Exploring the Psychospiritual Dimensions of
          Personal Change."  Vol. 7, #3 (Fall 1986).

Pelton, Robert S.
  "Continuing Religious Formation: Report on a Recent Survey on Men in the Director's Role." 
          Vol. 7, #3 (Fall 1986).

The Journal of Pastoral Care
Barnhouse, Ruth Tiffany
.  "Spiritual Direction and Psychotherapy." Vol. 33, #3 (September 1979), pp. 149-163.
Bohler, Carolyn J.
  "The Use of Storytelling in the Practice of Pastoral Counseling."  Vol. 41, #1 (March 1987),
          pp. 63-71.

Bondi, Roberta C.
  "The Abba and Amma in Early Monasticism: The First Pastoral Counselor?"  Vol. 40, #4
          (December 1986), pp.311-320.
Ford-Grabowsky, Mary.  "The Fullness of the Christian Faith Experience: Dimensions Missing in Faith
          Development Theory." Vol. 41, #1 (March 1987), pp. 39-47.

Hart, Thomas.
  "Counseling's Spiritual Dimension: Nine Guiding Principles."  Vol. 43, #2 (Summer 1989),
          pp. 111-118.

Hemenway, Joan E.
  "Four Faith Frameworks."  Vol. 38, #4 (December 1984), pp. 317-323.
, J. T.
"Jesus, A Model for Ministry." Vol. 36, #4 (December 1982), pp. 255-264.
Howe, Leroy T.
  "Dream Interpretation in Spiritual Guidance."  Vol. 40, #3 (September 1986), pp.262-272.
Hoyer, Lee, Melvin R. Jacobs
and E. Mansell Pattison.  "Later-Life Struggles: Psychological/Spiritual
          Convergence."  Vol. 41, #2, (June 1987), pp. 141-149.

Morgan, Oliver J.
  "Elements in a Spirituality of Pastoral Care." Vol. 43, #2 (Summer 1989), pp. 99-109.
Robbins, Martha.
  "The Desert-Mountain Experience: The Two Faces of Encounter with God." Vol. 35, #1 (March
          1981), pp. 18-35.

Van Gelder, David W.
  "A Case Study of Demon Possession."  Vol. 41, #2 (June 1987), pp. 151-161.

Journal of Psychology and Theology
Bunker, Diane E
. “Spirituality and the Four Jungian Personality Functions.”, Vol.19.#1, 1991:pp.26-34.

Leadership (journal)
Peterson, Eugene H.
  "On Finding a Spiritual Director."  Vol. 4, #2 (Spring 1983), pp. 38-42.
Peterson, Eugene H.
  "Practicing and Malpracticing the Presence of God."  Vol. 5, #4 (Fall 1984), pp.94-99.

Pastoral Psychology (journal)
Fairchild, Roy W.
  "Guaranteed Not to Shrink: Spiritual Direction in Pastoral Care."  Vol. 31 (Winter 1982),
          pp. 79-  95.

Quarterly Review
Fairchild, Roy W.
  "The Pastor as Spiritual Director."  Vol. 5 (Summer 1985), pp. 25-35.

Religious Education (journal)
Robinson, Edward A.
  "The Experience of Transfiguration."  Vol. 80 (Spring 1985), pp. 246-254.

Religious Studies (journal)
Overall, Christine.
  "The Nature of Mystical Experience."  Vol. 18 (March 1982), pp. 47-54.

Review and Expositor
Leonard, William J.
  "Contemporary Spirituality in Historical Perspective."  Vol. 76 (Spring 1979), pp. 241-255.

Review for Religious
O'Regan, John
.  "Staging, Typing, and Spiritual Direction."  July/August 1983.
Stanminski, Robert
.  "Conversion, Pastoral Counseling, and Spiritual Direction."  May-June 1984.

Spiritual Life (journal)
Barres, John
.  "Mysticism, the Heart of Practical Religion: The Spiritual Theology of Evelyn Underhill."  Fall 1988.
Bourdon, Mary
.  "The Spiritual Direction of the Adolescent." Summer 1982.
Corrigan, Winifred
.  "Group Spiritual Direction in the Follow-up." Spring 1983.
Devoy, Juliana
.  "Spiritual Direction: Being Artist with God." Winter 1988.
Feeney, Kevin
.  "A Letter to Teresa of Jesus (from a 20th Century Spiritual Director)."  Winter 1988.
Kilduff, Thomas
.  "Spiritual Direction and Personality Types." Fall 1980.
LaRochester, Barbara Jean
.  "Black and Gifted: Our Ministry to Spiritual Direction."  Summer 1984.
Morgan, Thomas J.
  "A Cognitive Model for the Directed Retreat." Winter 1983.
Neophitos, Angelo
.  "Toward a Theology of Friendship."  Spring 1975.
Sellner, Edward C.
  "Soul Friend: Guidance on Our Sacred Journeys." Summer 1983.
Stratton, Robin
.  "The Ministry of Listening."  Winter 1985.

Spirituality Today (journal)
Gula, Richard M.
  "Using Scripture in Prayer and Spiritual Direction."  Winter 1984.  Entire issue, March 1981.

Entire issue.  Vol. II, #4 (July-August 1987)
Palmer, Parker J. “All the Way Down; Depression and the Spiritual Journey.” (September/October    1998)

(Click on title for review)

Nouwen, Henri. The Road to Daybreak:  A Spiritual Journey Most of us expect that if we discern the Lord’s will and follow it life will somehow become smoother and more pleasant.  Nouwen writes, “It is a dark agony.  It is following Jesus to a completely unknown place.  It is being emptied out on the cross and having to wait for new life in naked faith.”

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